The Borgu people are a subgroup of Fulani that are inhabitants of Borgou and Alibori Departments in Benin and also found in Togo.
They are into the Bariba people area.
The Bariba people, are the principal inhabitants of Borgou and Alibori Departments, Benin, and cofounders of the Borgu kingdom of what is now northeast Benin and west-central Nigeria.
Borgu’s area of plains and wooded savanna is drained by several small streams that flow eastward to the Niger River, the area’s eastern boundary. Poor soils, low rainfall (especially in the dry season), and Fulani slave raids in the 19th century have made Borgu one of Nigeria’s least-populated regions.
Most inhabitants are of the Bargu (Borgu, Bariba, Borgenci), Busa (Bussa, Bussangi), Boko (Bokoboro), Reshe (Gungunci, Gungawa), Fulani, Kamberi, or Yoruba ethnic group and mainly engage in cattle and poultry raising, subsistence farming (sorghum, millet, shea nuts, onions, corn [maize], peanuts [groundnuts], cotton, tobacco), and fishing.
Gold mining, once important around Kaiama and Bussa, is no longer significant.
The creation of Kainji Lake (1968) forced the evacuation of several towns along the Niger, including Bussa, the former spiritual headquarters of the Borgu kingdom. Kaiama, New Bussa (built in 1966; 24 miles [39 km] south of old Bussa), Okuta, and Wawa are the chief towns.